Unfavorable Variance


Unfavorable Variance

An accounting term that describes instances where actual costs are greater than the standard or expected costs. An unfavorable variance can alert management that the company's profit will be less than expected. The sooner an unfavorable variance is detected, the sooner attention can be directed towards fixing any problems.

In manufacturing, the standard cost of a finished product is calculated by adding the standard costs of the direct material, direct labor and direct overhead. An unfavorable variance is the opposite of a favorable variance where actual costs are less than standard costs.

In finance, unfavorable variance refers to a difference between an actual experience and a budgeted experience in any financial category where the actual outcome is less favorable than the projected outcome. For example, if sales were budgeted to be $200,000 for a period but were actually $180,000, there would be an unfavorable (or negative) variance of $20,000, or 10%. Similarly, if expenses were projected to be $200,000 for a period but were actually $250,000, there would be an unfavorable variance of $50,000, or 25%.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • unfavorable variance — In *budgeting, the incurring of larger than anticipated costs or the earning of lower than anticipated revenues. An unfavorable variance indicates that actual performance is worse than expected. The term is also used in *standard costing.… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • Неблагоприятное отклонение (UNFAVORABLE VARIANCE)  — Сумма, на которую фактические затраты превышают нормативные или плановые, либо сумма, на которую фактические доходы меньше нормативных или плановых …   Словарь терминов по управленческому учету

  • variance — Civil and criminal practice. A discrepancy or disagreement between two instruments or two pleading allegations in the same cause, which should by law be entirely consonant. Thus, if the evidence adduced by the plaintiff does not agree with the… …   Black's law dictionary

  • variance — 1. In *budgeting and *standard costing, the difference between actual and anticipated costs or revenues. Variances are often categorized as *favorable or Unfavorable. 2. A measure of the dispersion of a *probability distribution. The variance is… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • Sales Mix Variance — The difference in the quantity of customer purchases of each product or service compared to the quantities that a business expected to sell. Sales mix variance compares the actual mix of sales to the budgeted mix. The metric can be used for… …   Investment dictionary

  • favorable variance — In *budgeting, the incurring of smaller than anticipated costs or the earning of larger than anticipated revenues. A favorable variance indicates that actual performance is better than expected. The term is also used in *standard costing.… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • adverse variance — An alternative term for Unfavorable variance …   Auditor's dictionary

  • Variable Overhead Efficiency Variance — The difference between actual variable overhead based on the true time taken to manufacture a product, and standard variable overhead based on the time budgeted for it. It arises from variance in productive efficiency. For example, the number of… …   Investment dictionary

  • Yield Variance — The difference between actual output and standard output of a production or manufacturing process, based on standard inputs of materials and labor. The yield variance is valued at standard cost. Yield variance is generally unfavorable, i.e.,… …   Investment dictionary

  • Variable Overhead Spending Variance — The difference between actual variable overhead based on costs for indirect material involved in manufacturing, and standard variable overhead based on the budgeted costs. Variable overhead spending variance arises from difference in the costs of …   Investment dictionary


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